1. On September 10, 2014, American President Barack Obama announced the launching of a comprehensive campaign against ISIS aimed to “degrade and ultimately destroy” it. The campaign strategy had several aspects: intensive airstrikes in Syria and Iraq; strengthening local forces in Syria and Iraq (the Iraqi army, the Kurdish forces, the so-called moderate Syrian rebel organizations); damaging ISIS’s sources of power (especially its financial resources); and improving the methods used by the United States and the international community to cope with the incidence of foreign fighters joining ISIS. All that was intended to weaken ISIS without significant American forces on the ground in Syria or Iraq.
2. To implement the campaign, within a relatively short period of time the United States put together an international coalition of Western and Arab countries for active (if symbolic) participation or support. Some of the Western allies (particularly France and Britain) joined the…
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