Tag Archives: United States

Russian troops join combat in Syria


http://s1.reutersmedia.net/resources/r/?m=02&d=20150909&t=2&i=1078102328&w=&fh=&fw=&ll=644&pl=429&sq=&r=LYNXNPEB880U0
Russian forces have begun participating in military operations in Syria in support of government troops, three Lebanese sources familiar with the political and military situation there said on Wednesday.

The sources, speaking to Reuters on condition they not be identified, gave the most forthright account yet from the region of what the United States fears is a deepening Russian military role in Syria’s civil war, though one of the Lebanese sources said the number of Russians involved so far was small.

U.S. officials said Russia sent two tank landing ships and additional cargo aircraft to Syria in the past day or so and deployed a small number of naval infantry forces.

The U.S. officials, who also spoke on condition of anonymity, said the intent of Russia’s military moves in Syria was unclear. One suggested the focus may be on preparing an airfield near the port city of Latakia, a stronghold of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

U.S. officials have not ruled out the possibility that Russia may want to use the airfield for air combat missions.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry spoke to his Russian counterpart for the second time in four days to express concern over reports of Russian military activities in Syria, warning that it could fan more violence.

The White House said it was closely monitoring the situation.

Russia says the Syrian government must be incorporated into a shared global fight against Islamic State, the Islamist group that has taken over large parts of Syria and Iraq. The United States and Assad’s regional foes see him as part of the problem.

“We would welcome constructive Russian contributions to the counter-ISIL effort, but we’ve been clear that it would be unconscionable for any party, including the Russians, to provide any support to the Assad regime,” White House spokesman Eric Schultz said, using an acronym for Islamic State.

SYRIAN TROOPS PULLING BACK

Assad’s forces have faced big setbacks on the battlefield in a four-year-old multi-sided civil war that has killed 250,000 people and driven half of Syria’s 23 million people from their homes.

Syrian troops pulled out of a major air base last Wednesday, and a monitoring group said this meant government soldiers were no longer present at all in Idlib province, most of which slipped from government control earlier this year.

Moscow confirmed it had “experts” on the ground in Syria, its long-time ally in the Middle East.
But Russia has declined to comment on the scale and scope of its military presence. Damascus denied Russians were involved in combat, but a Syrian official said the presence of experts had increased in the past year.

Reflecting Western concern, Germany’s foreign minister warned Russia against increased military intervention, saying the Iran nuclear deal and new U.N. initiatives offered a starting point for a political solution to the conflict.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said reports of growing Russian military activity in Syria were a cause for concern, while France said it made finding a political solution to the crisis more complicated.

Two of the Lebanese sources said the Russians were establishing two bases in Syria, one near the coast and one further inland which would be an operations base.

“The Russians are no longer just advisors,” one of the sources said. “The Russians have decided to join the war against terrorism.”

RUSSIAN NAVAL BASE

Moscow’s only naval base in the Mediterranean is at Tartous on the Syrian coast in territory held by Assad, and keeping it secure would be an important strategic objective for the Kremlin.

Another of the Lebanese sources said that so far any Russian combat role was still small: “They have started in small numbers, but the bigger force did not yet take part … There are numbers of Russians taking part in Syria but they did not yet join the fight against terrorism strongly.”

The Syrian official said: “Russian experts are always present but in the last year they have been present to a greater degree.”

Officials in the United States, which is fighting an air war against the Islamist militant group Islamic State in Syria and also opposes Assad’s government, have said in recent days that they suspect Russia is reinforcing to aid Assad.

Washington has put pressure on countries nearby to deny their air space to Russian flights, a move Moscow denounced on Wednesday as “international boorishness”.

Russia has set out the case for supporting Assad in the most forthright terms yet in the past few days, likening the Western approach to Syria to failures in Iraq and Libya.

Part of the diplomatic quarrel has centred around use of air space for flights, which Moscow says bring humanitarian aid but U.S. officials say may be bringing military supplies.
U.S. officials, speaking on condition of anonymity, told Reuters on Wednesday that multiple Russian flights have passed over the airspace of Iran and Iraq to reach Syria.

RUSSIAN OVERFLIGHTS

The State Department said Russian use of Iranian airspace would not be surprising, given Tehran’s past support for Assad.

Spokesman John Kirby said the United States had advised “partners and our friends to ask the Russians tough questions about” overflight requests. He did not elaborate, saying only: “I’m not gonna detail diplomatic conversations.”

To avoid flying over Turkey, one of Assad’s main enemies, Russia has sought to fly planes over Balkan states, but Washington has urged them to deny Moscow permission.

On Tuesday, Bulgaria refused a Russian request to use its airspace citing doubts about the cargo on board. It said on Wednesday it would allow Russian supply flights to Syria to use its airspace only if Moscow agreed to checks of their cargo at a Bulgarian airport.

Turkey has not officially confirmed a ban on Russian flights to Syria but says it considers any requests to fly over its air space to Syria on a case by case basis.

Thus far in the war, Iran and its Lebanese ally Hezbollah have been Assad’s main sources of military support. The momentum turned against Assad earlier this year.

In the latest setback, state television reported government troops had surrendered an air base in northwestern Syria to a rebel alliance after nearly two years under siege.

This meant the last government troops had withdrawn from central Idlib province, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a UK-based group that monitors the conflict.

Advertisements

Jamaican to go on trial in US for human trafficking


A Jamaican national who United States authorities allege is behind a multi-country human trafficking ring is to stand trial in Miami, Florida, next month. Thirty-seven-year-old Damion St Patrick Baston pleaded not guilty to five counts of transporting people for prostitution, illegal importation of a person for prostitution, use of a passport secured by false statement, identity theft and three counts of money laundering. Prosecutor Roy Altman told the US District Court that “Baston is a violent pimp who has trafficked women across several continents, including in the southern district of Florida, Australia and Dubai,” NineMSN reported. THE STAR gathered that the prosecutor’s claims were refuted by Baston’s attorney who described him as “a lover of women, not a fighter of women”. The accused man’s June 16 trial is likely to last two weeks, with some of his alleged victims expected to appear to testify against him. Baston, who authorities allege used appalling violence and rape to keep women captive, forcing them to prostitute themselves in the United States, Australia, and other countries, was arrested in December 2013 in New York during a joint operation by Australian and US authorities.

2 Million Deaths Yearly Worldwide Linked with Air Pollution


Before the Air Pollution Control Act of 1955, ...
Before the Air Pollution Control Act of 1955, air pollution was not considered a national environmental problem. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Made In China - Consumed All Over The World an...
Made In China – Consumed All Over The World and the meaning of the Ningbo/宁波 port town protests against air pollution… (Photo credit: Imaginary Museum Projects: News Tableaus)
Air Pollution Smoke Stack
Air Pollution Smoke Stack (Photo credit: EnvironmentBlog)
English: Smokestacks from a wartime production...
English: Smokestacks from a wartime production plant, World War II. Myanmasa: ဒုတိယကမ္ဘာစစ်အတွင်း ထုတ်လုပ်မှုကြောင့် လေထုညစ်ညမ်းခြင်း။ (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Air pollution may be responsible for more than 2 million deaths around the world each year, according to a new study.

The study estimated that 2.1 million deaths each year are linked with fine particulate matter, tiny particles that can get deep into the lungs and cause health problems.

Exposure to particle pollution has been linked with early death from heart and lung diseases, including lung cancer, the researchers said; meanwhile, concentrations of particulate matter have been increasing due to human activities. The study also found that 470,000 deaths yearly are linked with human sources of ozone, which forms when pollutants from sources such as cars or factories come together and react. Exposure to ozone has been linked to death from respiratory diseases.
Most of the estimated global deaths likely occur in East and South Asia, which have large populations and severe air pollution, said study researcher Jason West, an assistant professor of environmental sciences at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

“Air pollution is an important problem. It’s probably one of the most important environmental risk factors for health,” West said. The study suggests that improving air quality around the world would increase life expectancy for some, he said.

While some studies have suggested that climate change can make air pollution more deadly, the new study found that climate change had only a small effect on air pollution-related deaths.

Pollution and climate interact in several ways. Climate-related factors such as temperature and humidity can affect the reaction rates of particles in the air, which in turn determine the formation of pollutants; additionally, rainfall can affect accumulation of pollutants, the researchers said.

However, in the researchers’ analysis, changes in climate were linked with just 1,500 yearly deaths from ozone pollution, and 2,200 yearly deaths from fine particulate matter.

The researchers used a number of climate models to estimate concentrations of air pollution around the world, in the years 1850 (the pre-industrial era) and 2000. Focusing on these two years allowed the researchers to determine what proportion of air pollution was human-caused (attributable to industrialization).

Then, the researchers used information from past studies on air pollution and health to determine how many deaths are linked with particular concentrations of air pollution, West said.

The new study had an advantage over previous work in that it did not rely on just one climate model, but instead included several. However, because the study used information from previous research on air pollution and health, the estimates are subject to the same uncertainties that characterized those previous studies.

In addition, most of the studies on air pollution and health were conducted in the United States, so applying those results globally, as the current study did, introduces some uncertainty, West said.

Life can’t mean life, European judges say


Ban Ki-moon at the 60th anniversary of the Eur...
Ban Ki-moon at the 60th anniversary of the European Convention of Human Rights at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Ban Ki-moon at the 60th anniversary of the Eur...
Ban Ki-moon at the 60th anniversary of the European Convention of Human Rights at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

SOME of the UK’s most reviled criminals have been given hope of eventual release following a human rights ruling which has infuriated MPs, including the Prime Minister.

Life can never mean life, even for the most dangerous killers, European judges have ruled. Locking them up, without any prospect of freedom, is a breach of their human rights.

It does not mean the likes of Ian Brady, Dale Cregan, Milly Dowler’s killer Levi Bellfield, and the “Black Panther” Donald Neilson, who are among 49 prisoners given whole life terms, are guaranteed release.

It would be up to parole boards to decide whether they still pose a threat to the public, after serving long terms.

However, Downing Street said that David Cameron was “very, very disappointed” by the ruling. “He profoundly disagrees with the court’s ruling. He is a strong supporter of whole life tariffs,” his spokesman said.

The ruling, by the European Court of Human Rights, found that murderers Jeremy Bamber, Douglas Vinter and Peter Moore’s whole life sentences amounted to “inhuman and degrading treatment”.

Whole-lifers should be entitled to a review of their sentence 25 years into their term at the very latest, the Grand Chamber of the Strasbourg-based court said. No whole life terms have been given in Scotland, which means the ruling is unlikely to have any significant impact north of the Border.

However, it does affect 49 prisoners in England and Wales, including Rose West, Steve Wright and Mark Bridger.

The ruling by 17 judges from across Europe sparked further outrage among critics of the court – despite reassurances that the decision did not amount to grounds for imminent release.

Douglas Carswell, a Tory MP who campaigns for Britain to withdraw from the European Convention on Human Rights, said: “A case like this illustrates there is something profoundly rotten about the way this country is run and we can only make it right by taking power away from these so-called judges.”

He added: “I’m strongly against capital punishment. The quid pro quo is the court must have the power to tell a person they will spend the rest of their natural lives in custody. For judges to strike that down, it’s not just deeply anti-democratic it raises profound questions about the respect people can have for the criminal justice system.”

The European court found that for a life sentence to remain compatible with the European Convention on Human Rights there had to be both a possibility of release and a possibility of review. But, the panel of 17 judges added: “In finding a violation in this case, however, the court did not intend to give the applicants any prospect of imminent release.”

The appeal was brought by Vinter, who stabbed his wife in February 2008, and means the cases of Bamber, who killed his parents, sister and her two young children in August 1985, and Peter Moore, who killed four gay men for his sexual gratification in 1995, will also be considered.

In their ruling, the judges said it was up to the national authorities to decide when such a review should take place, however, existing legal comparisons gave support to guaranteeing a review no later than 25 years after the imposition of a life sentence.

Under current UK law, whole-life tariff prisoners will almost certainly never be released from prison as their offences are deemed to be so serious.

They can be freed only by the Justice Secretary, Chris Grayling, who can give discretion on compassionate grounds. He said: “The British people will find this ruling intensely frustrating and hard to understand.

“What the court is saying is that a judge can no longer tell the most appalling criminals that they will never be released.

“I think the people who wrote the original Human Rights Convention would be turning in their graves at this ruling. I profoundly disagree with the court and this simply reinforces my determination to curtail the role of the Court of Human Rights in the UK.”

The European judges added whether Bamber, Vinter and Moore should be released would depend on whether there were still legitimate grounds for their continued detention and whether they should continue to be detained on grounds of dangerousness.

Up until 2003, there was a right to review for all whole-life orders in the UK but this was removed in a change of legislation.

Bamber’s lawyer, Simon McKay said: “A civilised society is defined by how it treats those who act outside its laws and that the UK will now be obligated to review whole life tariffs is a progressive and humane development.”

Vinter was released from prison after serving nine years for murder – but just three years later he stabbed his wife and strangled her, and was given a whole-life order.

His lawyer Simon Creighton said the ruling could not be used as a “get out of jail free” excuse for life-term prisoners.

He said: “It’s very important that the court have recognised that no sentence should be once and for all and there should always be some right to look at some sentences again. They have not said that anyone must be released, what they have said is that it must be reviewed.”

Analysis: ‘Ruling a long time coming but it is right’

I THINK this has been coming for some time. We have had previous decisions on no extraditions to the United States, where people can be kept on death row for years, because it was a breach of Article 3.

This latest ruling is a welcome next step and is clearly right.

It does not say that people have to be released from jail, but just that there should always be the possibility of a review.

Any question of release would depend on the outcome of that review.

The European Court in Strasbourg has been good at telling us not to have a one-size- fits-all policy.

This is because a blanket policy is unlikely to deliver justice in all cases.

There has also been research that says that after 19 to 20 years, that people have become so degraded that they are not able to cope with release – they cannot retake their position in society as normal human beings.

However, the parole system is a good and civilised way of making sure that some life prisoners can get out, if that is the right outcome.

These decisions are not taken lightly, an awful lot of testing goes on.

Prisoners are tested by being given more freedom and responsibility in jail, and then gradually are released or allowed to go home for short periods, to see how they cope. It’s not a hit and hope policy.

Of course there is always a risk and you can never rule out the possibility that someone might reoffend.

However, a relatively small number of life prisoners go on to commit new murders when released, so the risk to the public is probably not significant.

Most do not reoffend at all, partly because they have been locked up for so long and it has been a long rehabilitation process for them.

Also, they have generally become older, calmer and more mature.

At the same time the parole board has become more risk averse and is not sending people back out without significant risk assessments, including cognitive skills, anger management – a whole range of things.

However, it is important to note that because of overcrowding in prisons there is sometimes a limited amount of attention that can be paid to individual prisoners, and this has a negative effect on their rehabilitation.

• John Scott QC is a leading human rights lawyer.

‘I’m still serving a sentence for a crime I did not commit’

JEREMY BAMBER, now 52, was called “evil beyond belief” when he was found guilty of shooting his adoptive parents Nevill and June and shooting his sister Sheila and her twin six-year-old sons Nicholas and Daniel at the family farm.

Bamber has consistently maintained his innocence, taking his case twice to the Court of Appeal and saying his sister, a model known as Bambi, who suffered from schizophrenia, was the real killer. At his trial in 1986 Bamber was convicted by a majority verdict. Although initial reports suggested Sheila Caffell was the killer the court decided Bamber had murdered all five family members because he stood to inherit.

In 1994 the Home Secretary said he should never be released.

Bamber has mounted several appeals against his conviction -– as well as trying to argue his whole life sentence is inhumane. The Court of Appeal upheld his conviction in 2001 and again in 2002.In 2010 new evidence came to light to suggest that Bamber’s father had called the police on the night of the murder saying his daughter had gone “beserk” and stolen one of his guns.

In a statement on his blog yesterday he wrote: “I am the only person in the UK who was [retrospectively] given a life tariff on a majority verdict that maintains innocence. The verdict today seems in so many ways to be hollow, as I am still serving a prison sentence for a crime I did not commit.”

Murderer who stabbed killer in both eyes

THE Recorder at Douglas Vinter’s second trial for murder told him he fell into a small category of people who should be deprived permanently of their liberty.

Vinter, right, was jailed in 1995 for stabbing a co-worker to death in a railway workers’ cabin.

The family of the murdered man Carl Edon warned that 6ft 7in bodybuilder Vinter was still a danger to the public but in 2005 he was released. Shortly afterwards he abducted and killed his estranged wife Anne White, in a killing which closely resembled the first.

Vinter, who had been using anabolic steroids, drinking and taking cocaine, told police: “I’ve got my reasons why I did it.”

Last July, Vinter stabbed Roy Whiting, the killer of schoolgirl Sarah Payne, in both eyes with a sharpened toilet brush handle at Wakefield Prison. Newcastle Crown Court heard he had admitted it saying: “I’m a lifer, I’m doing natural life. I will never get out. I have nothing to lose.”

‘The man in black’ who stabbed and mutilated victims for fun

Homosexual serial killer Peter Moore, above, killed four men in 1995. The cinema manager who stabbed and mutilated his victims “for fun” was called “the man in black.”

Moore ran a theatre and cinema in north Wales and was fixated with the Friday the 13th movies. His first victim was Henry Roberts, stabbed to death at his home in Anglesey. His next victim Edward Carthy was stabbed and buried in a forest after meeting Moore in a gay bar. Next victim Keith Randles was dragged from his caravan at road works on the A5. Randles apparently asked why Moore was attacking him and he replied “for fun.”

His final victim was a 40-year old father of two, who was stabbed at a beach near Abergele in north Wales.

At his trial it was claimed Moore had carried out a 20-year reign of terror during which he had attacked more than 50 men. Moore claimed the murders were carried out by a fictitious homoxexual lover named Jason.

Moore, who was sentenced to four life sentences in November 1996. The Home Secretary recommended he never be released. Moore was reported to have become a close friend of serial killer Harold Shipman during his time in prison.

Adopted Boy Sexually Abused By Gay Fathers


Sexually Abused child.
Sexually Abused child. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Police in Australia have described the case of a six-year-old boy who was sexually abused by his adoptive gay fathers and other people as “depraved”.
The men, who obtained the baby from a Russian surrogate in 2005, had presented themselves as loving fathers before their arrests in California last year.
Authorities in Australia and the US worked together to bring the men to justice after it emerged that the child had been offered to others for sexual exploitation from a very young age.
Last week one of the men, an American, was jailed in the US for 40 years while the other, who is from New Zealand, is still to be sentenced.
“None of these cases are very good,” Queensland Detective Inspector Jon Rouse, who heads the task force which investigates online child exploitation and abuse, told the AFP news agency.
“What’s pretty sad about this one is the way this child came into their lives. It’s just really a tragedy. It’s extremely depraved.”
It is not known whether the boy was conceived with one of the men’s sperm. But he had been living as the couple’s son when a chance discovery in New Zealand put police on their trail.
Authorities investigating a child sex offender in Wellington found images of the boy on the man’s computer.
The images were not illegal, but raised a red flag with Australian police who saw them as “modelling shots”. Further investigations unearthed chat logs between the couple and other child sex offenders.
When police raided the couple’s home while they were in the United States, they found enough material on laptops and other devices to ensure their arrest and the boy’s removal from their care.
DI Rouse said police were determined to ensure that all offenders were tracked down.
“We are talking about a fairly extensive network of child sex offenders,” he said.

Leaks like Snowden’s put lives at risk


Great Seal Bug from NSA archives
Great Seal Bug from NSA archives (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The seal of the U.S. National Security Agency....
The seal of the U.S. National Security Agency. The first use was in September 1966, replacing an older seal which was used briefly. For more information, see here and here. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
STU-III secure telephones on display at the Na...
STU-III secure telephones on display at the National Cryptologic Museum in 2005. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Leaks of sensitive intelligence like those of fugitive U.S. analyst Edward Snowden put lives and national security at risk, potentially jeopardising vital work to protect the public, Britain’s security minister said on Wednesday.
Revelations by Snowden, a former contractor with the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA), published in Britain’s Guardian newspaper last month, led to claims that British spies have been circumventing the law and have stirred concern among London’s European allies.
In its reports, the Guardian said Britain’s eavesdropping agency GCHQ had tapped fibre-optic cables carrying international phone and Internet traffic and had shared vast amounts of personal data with the NSA under a project codenamed “Tempora”.
GCHQ also accessed data about Britons obtained by the NSA under its secret PRISM programme, the paper said.
“Disclosure of highly sensitive information can be damaging. It can certainly undermine our security, certainly it can put lives at risk,” Security Minister James Brokenshire told Reuters at a security conference in London.
“It provides a partial view and it can undermine the very security and actions our intelligence and other agencies are engaged in to keep us all safe,” he said, adding that he would not comment specifically on the leaks.
Snowden, 30, is believed to be still stranded in the transit area of a Moscow airport, where he has been trying since June 23 to find a country that will offer him refuge from prosecution in the United States on espionage charges.
Britain’s most senior counter-terrorism official Charles Farr echoed Brokenshire’s comments about national security.
“Ministers have said this damages our capabilities. Given that a significant part of what GCHQ does is about terrorism, you can draw your conclusions,” he said at the same conference.
The Guardian’s reports have angered some of Britain’s European Union partners, especially Germany, whose Justice Minister Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger has said it would be a “catastrophe” if the “Tempora” claims proved true.
Asked if the disclosures would damage intelligence sharing in the future, Brokenshire said countries recognised they had to work together to combat threats. “I have every confidence that will continue to be the case,” he said.
“SNOOPERS’ CHARTER”
Brokenshire said balancing civil liberties and national security while allowing the spies to carry out vital covert work put the government in a “quandary”, but he repeated assurances that the intelligence agencies worked within the law.
“This isn’t about trying to read everybody’s emails, trying to spy and pry into everyone’s day to day activities,” he said.
“We must always be focused on ensuring our agencies are able to conduct their activities at times in secret because the threats that we face are prepared in secret,” he added.
Brokenshire is leading the Conservative-led coalition government‘s attempts to beef up the powers of police and spy agencies to access details of people’s Internet use in what critics have denounced as a “snoopers’ charter”.
Law enforcement agencies say the measures are vital to fighting serious crime and terrorism, but the Liberal Democrats, junior partner in the coalition, are opposed, and lawmakers from all parties have said it would be too intrusive.
“There is a recognition a solution needs to be found,” said Brokenshire, adding that the plans would need the confidence of parliament and the public. “We will take as long as it takes to get this right.”
The issue of security has come back into sharp focus in Britain after the murder of soldier Lee Rigby in southeast London in what authorities said was the first terrorist attack in Britain since the London suicide bombings of July 2005.
Rigby’s killing also led to calls for a clampdown on militant Islamist preachers such as Anjem Choudary and for the withdrawal of their state welfare benefits. A number of Choudary’s followers have been convicted of terrorism offences.
Brokenshire said a task force was considering a range of measures, including withdrawing benefits from those like Choudary who newspapers say receives 25,000 pounds ($37,900) a year from the state.
“I think it’s right we continue to … look at what can be done about extremist preachers and certainly benefits, … so we make sure those who seek to perpetrate a spiteful, vile message are challenged effectively and robustly,” Brokenshire said.
“I can’t confirm that proposals will be forthcoming, but clearly we look at a whole range of issues.”

Woman caught in high-speed chase gets bail extension


English: 1993–1996 Mitsubishi Lancer (CC) Exec...
English: 1993–1996 Mitsubishi Lancer (CC) Executive sedan, photographed in Woolooware, New South Wales, Australia. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
English: 2000-2002 Mitsubishi Lancer sedan pho...
English: 2000-2002 Mitsubishi Lancer sedan photographed in Cainta Rizal (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
2011 Mitsubishi Lancer Ralliart photographed i...
2011 Mitsubishi Lancer Ralliart photographed in Centreville, Virginia, USA. Category:Mitsubishi Lancer (eighth generation) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A woman who was involved in a police high-speed chase in March of this year had her bail extended when she appeared in the Corporate Area Resident Magistrate‘s Court on Monday.

She is 28-year-old Tahira Howell from Kingston 19. Howell is charged with malicious destruction of property.

Allegations are that, on March 21, Howell was driving a green Toyota motorcar along Mountain View Avenue when she allegedly hit a Mitsubishi Lancer and sped off. She was then chased by the police who were instructing her to stop. She continued driving.

She was eventually accosted by the police along Richmond Park Avenue. It is alleged that Howell refused to exit the vehicle and respond to the police. She was eventually removed and, while being questioned, it is further alleged that she stripped herself of her clothing.

She was then taken to the Kingston Public Hospital where she was admitted under police guard.

It is also alleged that during the car-chasing episode, she damaged several service vehicles.

A psychiatric evaluation was done and she was diagnosed with acute psychosis.

The vehicle, which belonged to Howell’s mother, was taken to the Elletson Road Police Station for safe keeping. Howell returns to court for mention on July 31.